Smartphone - Wikipedia


smartphone wikipedia shqip

Android eshte nje sistem operativ ashtu si Windows, Mac, Linux apo te tjere. Kerneli (berthama) i ketij sistemi eshte i bazuar ne Linux. Android eshte krijuar nga Google dhe eshte i dedikuar per paisje me touchscreen si smartphone apo OS: Unix-like, Linux. History Background. The development of the smartphone was enabled by advances in MOSFET (metal-oxide-silicon field-effect transistor) semiconductor device MOSFET (MOS transistor), invented by Mohamed Atalla and Dawon Kahng at Bell Labs in , is the basic building block of computing devices such as smartphones. MOSFET scaling, where MOS transistors get smaller with . Smartphone used to read Wikipedia HTC Desire Z, with a large touchable display and a QWERTY keyboard. A smartphone is a mobile phone that can do more than other phones. [1].

Android (sistemi operativ) - Wikipedia

Smartphones are a class of mobile phones and of multi-purpose mobile computing devices. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile operating systemswhich facilitate wider softwareinternet including web browsing [1] over mobile broadbandand multimedia smartphone wikipedia shqip including music, video, camerasand gamingalongside core phone functions such as voice calls and text messaging.

Smartphones typically include various sensors that can be leveraged by their software, such as a magnetometerproximity sensorsbarometergyroscope and accelerometerand support wireless communications protocols such as BluetoothWi-Fiand satellite navigation. Early smartphones were marketed primarily towards the enterprise market, attempting to bridge the functionality smartphone wikipedia shqip standalone personal digital assistant PDA devices with support for cellular telephonybut were limited by their bulky form, smartphone wikipedia shqip, short battery life, and the immaturity of wireless data services; these issues were eventually resolved with advances in MOSFET MOS transistorlithium-ion battery and mobile network technologies.

Since the unveiling of the iPhone inthe majority of smartphones have featured thin, slate-like form factorssmartphone wikipedia shqip, with large, capacitive screens with support for multi-touch gestures rather than physical keyboards, smartphone wikipedia shqip, and offer the ability for users to download or purchase additional applications from a centralized storeand use cloud storage and synchronization, virtual assistantsas well as mobile payment services, smartphone wikipedia shqip.

Improved hardware and faster wireless communication due to standards such as LTE have bolstered the growth of the smartphone industry. In the third quarter ofsmartphone wikipedia shqip, one billion smartphones were in use worldwide. The development of the smartphone was enabled by advances in MOSFET metal-oxide-silicon field-effect transistor semiconductor device fabrication, smartphone wikipedia shqip. Continuous MOSFET scaling eventually made it possible to build portable smart devices such as smartphones during the s—s.

Advances in MOSFET power electronic technology also enabled the development of digital wireless mobile networkswhich are essential to the smartphone.

Another important enabling factor was the lithium-ion batterywhich became indispensable as an energy source for smartphones. With advances in MOSFET technology enabling smaller integrated circuit chips [4] and improving wireless mobile networks[10] [12] IBM engineer Frank Canova realised that chip-and-wireless technology was becoming small enough to use smartphone wikipedia shqip handheld devices.

In addition to placing and receiving cellular callsthe touchscreen-equipped Simon could send and receive faxes and emails. It included an address book, calendar, appointment scheduler, calculator, world time clock, and notepad, as well as other visionary mobile applications such as maps, stock reports and news.

These operating systems would later evolve into early mobile operating systems. Most of the "smartphones" in this era were hybrid devices that combined these existing familiar PDA OSes with basic phone hardware. The results were devices that were bulkier than either dedicated mobile phones or PDAs, but allowed a limited amount of cellular Internet access.

PDA and mobile phone manufacturers competed in reducing the size of devices. The bulk of these smartphones combined with their high cost and expensive data plans, plus other drawbacks such as expansion limitations and decreased battery life compared to separate standalone devices, generally limited their popularity to " early adopters " and business users who needed portable connectivity.

The two components were attached by a hinge in what became known as a clamshell designsmartphone wikipedia shqip, with the display above and a physical QWERTY keyboard below. The PDA provided e-mail; calendar, address book, calculator and notebook applications; text-based Web browsing; and could send and receive faxes. When closed, the device could be used as a digital cellular telephone. InJapanese wireless provider NTT DoCoMo launched i-modea new mobile internet platform which provided data transmission speeds up to 9.

Limited functionality, small screens and limited bandwidth allowed for phones to use the slower data speeds available, smartphone wikipedia shqip. The rise of i-mode helped NTT DoCoMo accumulate an estimated 40 million subscribers by the end ofand ranked first in market capitalization in Japan and second globally.

As with other feature phones, additional software and services required partnerships and deals with providers. The degree of integration between phones and carriers, unique phone features, non-standardized platforms, smartphone wikipedia shqip, and tailoring to Japanese culture made it difficult for Japanese manufacturers to export their phones, especially when demand was so high in Japan that the companies didn't feel the need to look elsewhere for additional profits.

The smartphone wikipedia shqip of 3G technology in other markets and non-Japanese phones with powerful standardized smartphone operating systemsapp storesand advanced wireless network capabilities allowed non-Japanese phone manufacturers to finally break in to the Japanese market, gradually adopting Japanese phone features like emojismobile payments, NFC, etc. Phones that made effective use of any significant data connectivity were still rare outside Japan until the introduction of the Danger Hiptop insmartphone wikipedia shqip, which saw moderate success among U.

Later, in the mids, business users in the U. American users popularized the term "CrackBerry" in due to the BlackBerry's addictive nature. Outside the U. Initially, smartphone wikipedia shqip, Nokia's Symbian smartphones were focused on business with the Eseries[40] smartphone wikipedia shqip to Windows Mobile and BlackBerry devices at the time. From onwards, Nokia started producing consumer-focused smartphones, popularized by the entertainment-focused Nseries.

UntilSymbian was the world's most widely used smartphone operating system. Before the late s, it was common for smartphones to have a physical QWERTY keyboard in either a candybar or sliding form factoror even only a numeric keypad using T9 text input. Less commonly smartphones could have resistive touchscreenswhich allowed for virtual keyboards and handwriting input with a finger or a stylus, thus also allowing easy entry of Asian characters. In December LG announced the LG Prada[43] a fashionable feature phone created in collaboration with Italian luxury designer Prada with a 3" x pixel capacitive touchscreen.

In January Apple Computer introduced the iPhone. The iPhone was notable as being the first device of its kind targeted at the mass market to abandon the smartphone wikipedia shqip of a stylus, keyboard, or keypad typical of contemporary smartphones, instead using a large touchscreen for direct finger input as its main means of interaction. Instead it had an OS adapted from a desktop operating system that was able to easily drive its large touchscreen and run a version of Apple's Safari browser that could render full websites not specifically designed for phones.

Later Apple shipped a software update that smartphone wikipedia shqip the iPhone a built-in on-device App Store allowing direct wireless downloads of third-party software. The advantages of a design with software powerful enough to support advanced applications and a large capacitive touchscreen affected the development of another smartphone Smartphone wikipedia shqip platform, Androidwith a more BlackBerry-like prototype device scrapped in favor of a touchscreen device with a slide-out physical keyboard, as Google's engineers thought at the time that a touchscreen could not completely replace a physical keyboard and buttons.

By the majority of Android phones smartphone wikipedia shqip touchscreen-only. The iPhone and later touchscreen-only Android devices together popularized the smartphone form factor based on a large capacitive touchscreen as the sole means of interaction, and led to the decline of earlier, smartphone wikipedia shqip, keyboard- and keypad-focused platforms, smartphone wikipedia shqip.

Other smartphone manufacturers soon started projects to replace their existing operating systems with new ones that could support touch interfaces on larger screens and web browsers that could render full web pages.

Microsoftfor instance, discontinued Windows Mobile and started a new touchscreen-oriented OS from scratch, called Windows Phone. Nokia abandoned Symbian and partnered with Microsoft to use Windows Phone on its smartphones. BlackBerry Limitedsmartphone wikipedia shqip, formerly known as Research In Motion and known for phones with a full qwerty keyboard below the screen, made a new platform for touchscreen phones based on QNXBlackBerry By the mids, smartphone wikipedia shqip, almost all smartphones were touchscreen-only and had discarded legacy mobile operating systems for more recently developed ones that were more powerful.

In the early s, larger smartphones with screen sizes of at least 5. InFairphone launched its first "socially ethical" smartphone at the London Design Festival to address concerns regarding the sourcing of materials in the manufacturing [60] followed by Shiftphone in smartphone wikipedia shqip In OctoberMotorola Mobility announced Project Araa concept for a modular smartphone platform that would allow users to customize and upgrade their phones with add-on modules that attached magnetically to a frame.

The first smartphone with a fingerprint reader was the Motorola Atrix 4G in Byp displays began to appear on high-end smartphones. New trends for smartphone displays began to emerge inwith both LG and Smartphone wikipedia shqip releasing flagship smartphones utilizing displays with taller aspect ratios than the common smartphone wikipedia shqip. These designs allow the display to have a larger smartphone wikipedia shqip, but with a slimmer width than displays with an equivalent screen size.

These designs allow for "edge-to-edge" displays that take up nearly the entire height of the device, with little to no bezel along the top, smartphone wikipedia shqip. This design characteristic was popularized by the Essential Phone which featured a circular tab for its camera and iPhone X which used a wider tab to contain a camera and facial scanning system.

Smartphones smartphone wikipedia shqip foldable displays were theorized as possible once manufacturing costs and production processes were feasible, smartphone wikipedia shqip. Also that month, Samsung presented a prototype phone featuring an "Infinity Flex Display" at its developers conference, with a smaller, outer display on its "cover", smartphone wikipedia shqip, and a larger, tablet-sized display when opened.

Samsung stated that it also had to develop a new polymer material to coat the display as opposed to glass. The rise in popularity of touchscreen smartphones smartphone wikipedia shqip mobile apps distributed via app stores along with rapidly advancing networkmobile processorand storage technologies led to a convergence where separate mobile phonesorganizersand portable media players were replaced by a smartphone as the single device most people carried.

Advances in digital camera sensors and on-device image processing software more gradually smartphone wikipedia shqip to smartphones replacing simpler cameras for photographs and video recording. Streaming video services are easily accessed via smartphone apps and can be used in place of watching television. People have smartphone wikipedia shqip stopped wearing wristwatches in favor of checking the time on their smartphones, and many use the clock features on their phones in place of alarm clocks.

Additionally, in many regions smartphones are people's first and only means of Internet access[] with personal computers being relatively uncommon outside of business use. The cameras on smartphones can be used to photograph documents and send them via email or messaging in place of using fax facsimile machines. Payment apps and services on smartphones allow people to make less use of wallets, smartphone wikipedia shqip, purses, credit and debit cards, and cash.

Mobile banking apps can allow people to deposit checks simply by photographing them, eliminating the need to take the physical check to an ATM or teller.

Smartphones have central processing units CPUssimilar smartphone wikipedia shqip those in computers, but optimised to operate in low power environments. The performance of mobile CPU depends not only on the clock rate generally given in multiples of hertz [] but also on the memory hierarchy. Because of these challenges, the performance of mobile phone CPUs is often more appropriately given by scores derived from various standardized tests to measure the real effective performance in commonly used applications.

One of the main characteristics of smartphones is the screen. Depending on the device's design, the screen fills most or nearly all of the space smartphone wikipedia shqip a smartphone wikipedia shqip front surface. Many smartphone displays have an aspect ratio ofbut taller aspect ratios became more common in Screen sizes are measured in diagonal inches, smartphone wikipedia shqip.

Phones with screens larger than 5. Smartphones with screens over 4. Due to design advances, some modern smartphones with large screen sizes and "edge-to-edge" designs have compact builds that improve their ergonomics, while the shift to taller aspect ratios have resulted in phones that have larger screen sizes whilst maintaining the ergonomics associated with smaller displays.

Some displays are integrated with pressure-sensitive digitizers, such as those developed by Wacom and Samsung[] and Apple's Force Touch system. Sound quality can remain a problem due to the design of the phone, the quality of the cellular network and compression algorithms used in long distance calls. The small speakers smartphone wikipedia shqip also be used to listen smartphone wikipedia shqip digital audio files of music or speech or watch videos with an audio component, without holding the phone close to the ear.

By the end ofsmartphone battery life has become generally adequate; [] however, earlier smartphone battery life was poor due to the weak batteries that could not handle the significant power requirements of the smartphones' computer systems and color screens. Smartphone users purchase additional chargers for use outside the home, at work, and in cars and by buying portable external "battery packs", smartphone wikipedia shqip.

External battery packs include generic models which are connected to the smartphone with a cable, and custom-made models that "piggyback" onto a smartphone's case. InSamsung had to recall millions of the Galaxy Note 7 smartphones due to an explosive battery issue. A wide range of accessories are sold for smartphones, smartphone wikipedia shqip, including cases, screen protectorspower charging cables, wireless power stations, USB On-The-Go adapters for connecting USB drives and or, in some cases, a HDMI cable to an external monitoradd-on batteries, headphonescombined headphone-microphones which, for example, allow a person to privately conduct calls on the device without holding it to the earand Bluetooth -enabled powered speakers that enable users to listen to media from their smartphones wirelessly.

Cases range from relatively inexpensive rubber or soft plastic cases which provide moderate protection from bumps and good protection from scratches to more expensive, smartphone wikipedia shqip cases that combine a rubber padding with a hard outer shell.

Some cases have a "book"-like form, smartphone wikipedia shqip, with a cover that the user opens to use the device; when the cover is closed, it protects the screen. Some "book"-like cases have additional pockets for credit cards, thus enabling people to use them as wallets. Accessories include products sold by the manufacturer of the smartphone and compatible products made by other manufacturers. A mobile operating system or mobile OS is an operating system for phones, tabletssmartwatchesor other mobile devices, smartphone wikipedia shqip.

Mobile operating systems combine features of a personal computer operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use; usually including, smartphone wikipedia shqip, and most of the following considered essential in modern mobile systems; a touchscreencellularBluetoothWi-Fi Protected AccessWi-FiGlobal Positioning System GPS mobile navigation, video- and single-frame picture camerasspeech recognitionvoice recordermusic playernear field communicationand infrared blaster.

By Q1over million smartphones were sold with Mobile devices with mobile communications abilities e. Research has shown that these low-level systems may contain a range of security vulnerabilities permitting malicious base stations to gain high levels of control over the mobile device.

A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device, such as a smartphone. The term "app" is a short-form of the term "software application".


iPhone X - Wikipedia


smartphone wikipedia shqip


Smartphone used to read Wikipedia HTC Desire Z, with a large touchable display and a QWERTY keyboard. A smartphone is a mobile phone that can do more than other phones. [1]. A mobile phone (also known as a hand phone, cell phone, or cellular telephone) is a small portable radio telephone.. The mobile phone can be used to communicate over long distances without wires. It works by communicating with a nearby base station (also called a . PDA-t modern kanë Wi-Fi (lidhmëri pa tela në rrjetë) dhe mund të lidhen me Wi-Fi hostët. Të gjithë smartphone-t dhe disa nga PDA-të modern si Apple iPod Touch, mund të lidhen në rrjetin e gjërë pa tela WWAN (akronim për Wide-Wireless-Area-Network), sikurse ato që ofrohen nga kompanitë e telekomunikimit me celularë.